Fort Apollonia was built by the British between 1765 and 1771, to ward off Dutch colonial ambitions. The abolition of the slave trade in the Gold Coast diminished the importance of the fort, as a result it became too expensive, so the British abandoned it in 1819 after which, the Dutch took ownership over the fort in 1868.
The trading Fort William was completed by 1757. It was built on hard rock near a sandy beach indentation with a sheltered harbour. The English had built a fort back in 1674 called Fort Charles which was destroyed to prevent it from being captured by other European companies. The English then hurried to construct Fort William.
Want to know how the brave new world came into being? Step back a few centuries and visit the Cape Coast Castle in Ghana. Now a museum, Cape Coast Castle is one of the about 40 slave castles or large trading posts built by European traders and colonists.
Standing tall on a hilltop in Butre village in Western Ghana, Fort Bernstein offers a mesmerising view of the Atlantic coastline. But it was much more than the spectacular panorama and the paradisiacal beauty of the surroundings that urged Dutch settlers to build this small trading fort in 1656 in this area – GOLD.