The House of Leda
The “House of Leda” is of Roman time origin. It was discovered at Alonia, about 120 m. northwest of the Byzantine church of Agios Nikolaos. It dates back to the 16th century. The only room that still stands from the original building is the dining room which is covered with an impressive mosaic flooring from 2nd century A.D. It depicts the mythological scene of Leda and the Swan (The panel on-site is a modern copy; the original is exhibited in the Kouklia Museum for preservation reasons).
The Northeast Gate of the defensive wall
The Northeast Gate of Palaipafos occupied the major position above the living quarters of the ancient city. The first wall and gate buildings were built in the early Archaic period (late 8th century B.C.). In 498 B.C., during the Ionian revolt, the gate faced a serious siege by the Persians. It is believed that the last King of Palaipafos, Nikokles, rebuilt the walls during the 4th century B.C. and since 300 B.C. they have not been used.
The City wall and the Palace of Hadji Abdulla
Another sector of the defense of the city is located within 10 minutes walk from the Northeast Gate. The building methods of construction are similar to the ones use on the northeast Gate. It dates back to the 6th or early 5th century BC. It is believed that this palace was the residence of the Persian governor of Palaipafos at the time.
The Lusignan Manor House
The Manor House was built by the Lusignan kings in the 13th century for local administration matters and as the headquarters of the royal official who directed and controlled the sugar-cane plantations and refineries in this region. It also served as the centre of administration for the Kouklia Ottoman chiflik. The building is a complex of rooms that are arranged in four wings around the central, open-air court.
There are only a few parts of the gate tower and part of the east and south wings that have survived from the medieval structures, and they have been incorporated in buildings of the Ottoman period. The Gothic hall is considered to be one of the finest surviving monuments of Frankish architecture on the island and the east wing, dating back to the Ottoman period, nowadays is the local Archaeological Museum.
The area of Palaipafos includes numerous cemeteries. Probably the most important archaeological material dating from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Christian periods has been created, based on the finds within these grounds. Only the most important finds from the tombs are now exhibited in the local Archaeological Museum.
The Lusignian sugar-cane refinery in the coastal plain
The Royal Manor of Kouklia was built as the centre of the Lusignian sugar-cane plantations in western Cyprus. It was directly connected to the industrial installations for the processing of sugar-cane. One of the best-preserved installations is the sugar mill and the refineries that were built in the coastal plain of Kouklia. The refinery complex at the locality of Stavros combines the all four sugar-cane processing and production sectors: milling, boiling and refining, firing and stoking, storing and workshops.
Winter hours (16 September - 15 April): Monday - Sunday: 8.30 - 17.00
Summer hours (16 April - 15 September): Monday - Sunday: 8.30 - 19.30
Admission: €4,50 (the price includes entry to the Local Museum of Palaipafos in Kouklia)
Special rest rooms are available in the Museum.